澳門新福利公共汽車 Transportes Urbanos de Macau, S.A.R.L.
In 1988, Transportes Urbanos de Macau, S.A.R.L. (known as Transmac) was restructured from Companhia de Auto-Carros de Macau – Fok Lei which launched on 21 Feb., 1952 and once to be the largest public bus operator in Macau.
The fleet of Fok Lei mainly composed of the second hand bus from UK and total 11 double decker from different manufacturers and operators were imported from UK for the service running through Macau-Taipa Bridge (Ponte Governador Nobre de Carvalho) since 1975, among 2 of them were converted to open-top and widely welcomed by tourists. In addition, Fok Lei also in favour of the Albion Viking EVK55CL and total 17 units was acquired from Leyland, all of them were bodied by Union Auto and Sun Cheong in Hong Kong. In 1970s, Nissan Civilian was introduced to serve routes passing through the narrow streets and a further order of the new version Civilian was made in 1987, however, when this batch of 6 Civilian delivered, it was already the started of Transmac era.
Instead of the minibus, Fok Lei also acquired a batch of 10 Isuzu full-sized single decker between 1983 and 1984, 4 of them were air-conditioned and fitted with Wong Ming bodywork of Hong Kong and deployed on the luxury coach service 3A linking the Jetfoil. The remaining Isuzu bodied by Sun Cheong with the same style bodywork applied on the Albion and all of them were as conventional buses until transferred to Transmac, when they undergone modification works with an air-conditioning unit driven by auxiliary engine fitted.
When Fok Lei restructured into to Transmac in 1988, the management invested heavily on purchasing new air conditioned buses to improve service standard. Transmac standardized it fleet with the BK full-sized single decker and Rosa minibus from Mitsubishi, the latter playing an important role in the development history of Transmac. Transmac turned to European bus model in 1990s with the introduction of Dennis Dart, Mercedes Benz O814 and MAN 13.230 (the first super low floor bus in Macau). Electronic payment system was first developed and tested by Transmac in 1996 and it was finally become the "Macau Pass" that widely used in Macau today.
The end of the Casino franchised in Macau and the inscribed on the World Heritage List of "The Historic Centre of Macao" attract more and more tourists to Macau. Beside the development opportunities, public bus operators including Transmac also facing challenge as the free shuttle bus run by different casinos providing direct and convenient service to commuters. To go one step further, lacking of drivers in the labour market increasing the running costs and an adverse operation environment was resulted. As a part of solutions, Transmac started to introduce full-sized bus that made in the mainland China and instead of the minibus, neither European or Japan products were favoured.
Transmac once running business in the mainland China such as Guangzhou, Jiangmen, Xinhui and Wuhu under the partnership with the local operators, however, Transmac already quitted all the operation in the cities mentioned above.
車型 Vehicle Types
最後更新 Last Updated
|三菱Rosa Mitsubishi Rosa||
|三菱Rosa (Euro 5) Mitsubishi Rosa (Euro 5)||
|三菱 Fuso BK Mitsubishi Fuso BK||
|丹尼士/亞歷山大丹尼士飛鏢 Dennis/Alexander Dennis Dart||
|猛獅 13.230 MAN 13.230||
|平治 O814 Mercedes Benz O814||
|金龍XMQ6103G A/T Kinglong XMQ6103G A/T||
|海格 KLQ6108GQ28E4 Higer KLQ6108GQ28E4||
|海格 KLQ6129GQE4 Higer KLQ6129GQE4||14/12/2015|
|海格KLQ6115GQ Higer KLQ6115GQ||06/05/2017|
|黃海 Huang Hai||22/04/2012|
|宇通 ZK6128HG Yutong ZK6128HG||16/09/2018|
|宇通 ZK6180HGH Yutong ZK6180HGH||20/05/2019|
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