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作為本港第二大專營巴士公司，城巴是建基於成立於一九七七年，由一群來自巴士、渡輪及電車的專業人士組成的交通運輪顧問服務公司，Passenger Transportation (Asia) Limited (PTS)，其中一位始創成員便是本地巴士迷尊稱為「阿爺」的李日新先生，李日新先生自一九七零年開始任職中巴交通經理，直到至一九八二年四月成為城巴董事總經理為止。PTS其中一個計劃是自行經營以一隊小型巴士營運的合約出租服務，並以城巴 (City Buses)作為公司名稱。
隨著政府以鐵路為主導的運輸政策，令到本港巴士營運前景變得不明朗，捷達巴士於二零零三年六月向周大福企業有限公司出售城巴。基於周大福集團乃新世界發展的大股東，故此城巴跟新巴便由競爭對手關係變成了姊妹公司。新世界發展在前一年的集團架構重組後，易名為新創建集團有限公司，而新創建與周大福集團成立及擁有相同股權的Merryhill Group Limited，亦於二零零四年三月九日成立，從此新巴及城巴同為該公司轄下的公共交通營運機構，到了同年十二月十四日，Merryhill Group Limited更改名稱為新創建交通服務有限公司。兩巴在成為新創建交通旗下成員之後，先透過路線重組使資源得以更有效運用，而自此之後在洽購新車時亦會採用同一車廂配置規格。到了二零一六年十二月，新創建從周大福手上收購其餘股份，自此便全資擁有新創建交通服務有限公司。隨著本港公共交通系統日益完善，昔日為城巴重要業務的居民巴士服務亦逐一完成其歷史使命，當中嘉湖山莊路線於二零零六年八月全數交由冠忠集團營運，而沙田第一城方面，最終只剩下61R及88R兩條路線行走。另一方面，城巴成功競投往返屯門及深圳灣口岸的路線，並於二零零七年七月一日香港回歸中國十週年的日子投入服務，隨後更發展出不同分支路線，成為繼機場路線後又一主要收入來源。
成為新創建集團成員之後，城巴先於二零一四年首先試用來自英國亞歷山大丹尼士的混合動力雙層巴士E50H，其後再透過環境保護處提供的資助購入六架分別來自中國的電動單層巴士作試驗。早於二零零一年還是捷達巴士公司主政的時代，城巴便透過改裝一架丹尼士巨龍十點四米雙層巴士，探討引進雙層無軌電車的可能性，只可惜最終計劃未有得到當局的祝福而失敗收場。二零一八年十月二十四日，城巴口岸路線再添一員，隨著港珠澳大橋通車，連接欣澳站的B5投入服務，加上四條城巴機場快線A11，A21，A22及A29一併為口岸旅客提供接駁服務，進一步增加城巴相關業務收入。城巴於二零一八年四月投得啟德發展區路線專營權，當中首條路線20於同年十月二十八日投入服務，成為城巴首條九龍市區專營路線。為隆重其事，行走20線的車輛更於營運首日，加設模仿當年「26新里程」的「Kai Tak 20新里程」特別路線牌顯示。
新創建集團於二零二零年八月二十一日公布，出售新巴及城巴業務予以Templewater Bravo Holdings Limited、漢思能源及Ascendal Group Limited的合營企業Bravo Transport Holdings Limited，當中Ascendal Group Limited持有的附屬公司亦曾經於英國倫敦及新加坡營運巴士業務。上述股權轉讓於同年十月十五日完成，同時Bravo Transport Holdings Limited改稱為Bravo Transport Services Limited，中文名稱為匯達交通服務有限公司。匯達交通接手新巴及城巴時，正值香港新冠肺炎疫情肆虐，經濟活動大受影響致乘客量大跌，為了改善營運情況以面對持續嚴峻經營情況，在得到行政長官會同行政會議批准後，新巴將於二零二三年七月一日於其專營權完結後合併入全新的城巴(市區及新界巴士網絡專營權)，意味著整個港島區巴士服務面貌將重回一九九三年之前，只有一間專利巴士公司為市民提供服務。
The second largest franchised bus operator in Hong Kong, the Citybus (CTB) was first formed in 1977 as a transport consultancy services named as Passenger Transportation (Asia) Limited (PTS) by a team of highly professional bus, ferry and tram experts and one of the founder was Mr Lyndon Rees. Mr Lyndon was the Transport Manager of China Motor Bus between 1970 and 1982 before as the Managing Director of CTB. One of the PTS's vision was running contract service with a fleet of minibuses with "City Buses" as trading name.
The very first service operated by City Buses was providing shuttle service for the Hong Kong United Dockyard in Hung Hom with a second-hand Alisa Volvo B55 demonstrator since Aug., 1979 and City Buses was the first private bus operators running double deckers in Hong Kong. Further purchased of second-hand buses to meet the business expansions was made and a fleet of 6 Daimler Fleetline was introduced. Two of the batch featured with a convertible bodywork by MCW that had detachable roofs and could be operated as open top which was first in Hong Kong. As open-top bus hiring widely welcomed by public, all these Fleetline finally converted to permanent open top buses to suit the demand. Rapid growth of the business but with limit capital, City Buses can only can acquired more and more second-hand buses from UK, mainly composed of the DMS-class Fleetline abandoned by the London Transport. City Buses was then renamed as Citybus after two years of operation.
As public transport networks between Ocean Park in Aberdeen was insufficient at the early stage of the opening, CTB took this as an opportunity to provide shuttle bus service linking the park and Central which become one of the most profitable route in CTB until the MTR South Island Line started operation in the end of 2016. In addition, since the poor connection of City One Shatin and the city, CTB was invited to running bus service between the estate and Kowloon Tong MTR Station (known as route 602 and 62R afterwards) and saw a great success resulted in expansion of networks in the residential service sector.
CTB predicted there was a great demand in travelling between Hong Kong and the mainland China after it's reform and opening-up in 1978, the idea of direct bus service between Hong Kong and the mainland was proposed. After a long negotiation since early 1980s, a cross-boundary coach service between Hong Kong and Shenzhen was introduced on 1 Jan., 1985 with more destinations like Dongguan and Guangzhou were added later. A batch of second-hand Daimler Fleetline DMS was the mainstream of the cross-boundary service and then followed by the first air-conditioned coach, Leyland Olympian with ECW bodywork (C51/DE4281) entered service. More Olympian coaches were joined along with second-hand Olympian acquired from the West Yorkshire PTE, both were bodied by ECW. Finally, they were replaced by the brand new Olympian air conditioned coach with Walter Alexander bodyworks in 1989. In 1996, CTB took delivery of a batch of 5 Jonckheere bodied Volvo B12 coach and deployed on the Hong Kong and Guangzhou service and not only upgraded service standard, but also resulted in introduction of European coaches by it's competitors.
CTB was purchased by Tsui Tsin Tong's CNT Group in 1987 and with the financial support from the latter, CTB invested heavily in building a young and reliable fleet and most of the second-hand buses was phased out. Instead of expanding the non-franchised bus service networks, to be one of the franchised bus operator was the next goal of CTB. On 29 and 30 November 1989, a massive strike by CMB employees started after the broken negotiations on their pension funds resulted in the bus service in the Island especially the Southern District was serious affected. CTB provided emergency service to and from Ap Lei Chau during the strike and such service become air-conditioned residential service afterwards and widely welcomed by the general public. In Dec., 1990. CNT Group purchased the Dagenham garage and a fleet of 87 buses from Ensignbus, the dealer of the second-hand DMS Fleetline acquired by CTB. The London tendered routes used to operate by Ensignbus was rebranded as Capital Citybus and it was eventually sold out in a buy-in management buyout in Dec., 1995. Capital Citybus was finally sold to First Group in Jul., 1998 and integrated into First London operations after a period of operating separately.
In response to the poor service standard of CMB, the Government tried to introduce a new franchised bus operator running bus service in Hong Kong Island and in Apr., 1991, route 12A which was originally operated by CMB and then cancelled in the 1980s was tendered. CTB was successfully won the tender and started operated route 12A since 11 Sep., 1991 and become the 4th franchised bus operator in Hong Kong. The use of brand new air-conditioned coach was the key element of high quality bus service provided by CTB and this was led to the invitation from CK Asset Holdings Limited to operate exclusive coach service to and from Kingswood Villas in Tin Shui Wai and this was once another core business of CTB. In Jun., 1992, the Transport Department tendered 28 routes from the existing CMB networks as a result of it poor performance and CTB successfully awarded the tender and came into operation as "Network 26" since 1 Sep., 1993. CTB further took over 14 routes from CMB in 1995 when the latter franchised was extended for 3 years. With the good foundation of the Island bus market, CTB further expand it networks by tendering bus routes linking the Chek Lap Kok Airport and Tung Chung New Town in 1996. At the same time, CTB launched the first super low floor bus service in Hong Kong by introducing a pair of Plaxton bodied Volvo B6LE. The spin-off of CTB form CNT Group listed in the Hong Kong Stock Exchange resulted in better fund raising for future development.
After the 1997 Asian financial crisis, CNT need to sell part of it's core business including CTB for further advance and part of the shares was purchased by CTS. CTB took this as a chance to expand business in the mainland China and in Oct., 1997, a joint venture Citybus (China) Limited was set up with local operator in Beijing but these was ceased operation in mid. of 2004. With the last Leyland Atlantean AN68 withdrawn from the fleet on 24 Mar., 1998, it become the first franchised bus fleet composed of fully air-conditioned buses. The new Hong Kong International Airport at Chek Lap Kok was opened on 6 Jul., 1998 and CTB launched the high specification airport coach service, the "Cityflyer" linking the city and the airport on the same day and every tourists choosing the "Cityflyer" should have a good impression on it. The franchised of CMB was finally came to an end on 1 Sep., 1998 and 12 of the routes used to operate by CMB were transferred to CTB and keen competition with NWFB was started. Stagecoach Group of Scotland purchased all CTB shares hold by CTS in Feb., 1999 and then to be the largest shareholders within a month. Privatisation was finally executed and CTB was delisting from the Hong Kong Stock Exchange in Jul. 1999.
First Group of NWFB was one of the main competitor of Stagecoach in UK and both operators keen in running additional headways to gain more market shares and led traffic chaos in the Island. As a result, strict regulations on bus service was further imposed by Transport Department as a solutions to this situation. As no more profit can be made from the stiff competition environment, the CTB cross-boundary service was finally fully terminated on 26 Mar., 2001.
The future of bus service business become doomed when the Government adapted the policy of using railways as the backbone of Hong Kong's public transport system, Stagecoach sold CTB to Chow Tai Fook Enterprises Limited (CTFE) in Jun., 2003 and as CTEE was the main shareholder of NWS, CTB and NWFB were then become sister company from competitors. One thing should be mentioned, NWD was renamed to New World Services Holdings Limited (NWS) after the reorganization of New World Group in 2002. Both CTB and NWFB was under Merryhill Group Limited which was set up on 9 Mar., 2003 with equal shares was holding by NWS and CTFE respectively and Merryhill Group Limited was renamed into NWS Transport on 14 Dec., 2003. To utilize group resources effectively, different routes and networks rationalization was implemented among CTB and NWFB and when acquiring new buses, same compartment configurations was applied on both fleet. When all the Merryhill shares hold by CTFE sold to NWS in Dec., 2016, CTB and NWFB become wholly owned subsidiaries of NWS.
As the public transport networks getting improved, there was decrement in revenue from residential bus service and most of the routes was cancelled with all Kingswood Villas service transferred to Kwoon Chung Motor while only route 61R and 88R left for the City One Shatin. On 1 Jul., 2007, the 10th anniversary of the handover of Hong Kong to China, CTB launched it service between Shenzhen Bay Port and Tuen Mun which become another main profit source beside the "Cityflyer".
Back to 2001 when still owned by Stagecoach, CTB converted a Dennis Baby Dragon to the world's first double decker air-conditioned trolleybus for evaluation but never approved by the Transport Department. With the sponsorship from Pilot Green Transport Fund offered by Environmental Protection Department, NWS took delivery of 3 Alexander Dennis Enviro500 Hybrid in 2014 and 2 of the prototype were allocated to CTB for evaluation. This was followed by a further 6 battery-powered single deckers from BYD and GDEV respectively. The Hong Kong–Zhuhai–Macau Bridge (HZMB) Hong Kong Port was opened on 24 Oct., 2018 and CTB introduced a new route B5 linking and Sunny Bay Station together with route diversion of 4 "Cityflyer" routes, A11, A21, A22 and A29 to serve the port. Except HZMB Port, CTB also awarded Kai Tak Development Area routes with the first route 20 commissioned on 28 Oct., 2018. To celebrate the first Kowloon CTB routes entered service, a special route display "Kai Tak 20" based on "Network 26" design was shown on the bus served on route 20.
On 21 Aug., 2020, NWS made a public announcement about the sold of CTB and NWFB to Bravo Transport Limited which was a joint venture of Templewater Bravo Holdings Limited, Hans Energy and Ascendal Group Limited. The Ascendal Group was experienced in operating bus service through it subsidiary in UK and Singapore. The transfer of equity completed on 15 Oct., 2020 and Bravo Transport Holdings Limited was renamed as Bravo Transport Services Limited. During the taken over of Bravo Transport, both CTB and NWFB were serious affected by the epidemic of COVID and after the approval of the Chief Executive in Council, a new franchise of CTB (Franchise for Urban and New Territories Network) would take over NWFB after it franchised expired on 1 Jul., 2023. After NWFB ceased operation on 1 Jul., 2023, indicated the franchised bus service of the Island backed to the date before 1 Sep., 1993.
CTB revealed the Hong Kong's first electric double deckers Weisheit WSD6121BR1EV in Oct., 2021 and first registered in Feb., 2022. CTB deployed this electric double deckers on route 5B since 19 Jun., 2022 for revenue evaluation and just two days after it debut, a hydrogen fuel cell bus by Weisheit was shown to the public by NWS and this WSD6121BR3FCEV was then shipped to Australia for promotional use before backed to China for technical evaluation. The introduction of fuel cell bus was given green light by the Government on 3 May, 2023 and once the infrastructure for fuel cell bus ready, revenue evaluation can be started. As the epidemic of COVID over, society activities resumed normal and this will leave a positive impact on both operation environment and development of CTB.
最後更新 Last Updated : 6 May. 2023
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|車型 Vehicle Types||
最後更新 Last Updated
|利蘭奧林比安 Leyland Olympian||
|利蘭Atlantean AN68 Leyland Atlantean AN68||01/07/2005|
|利蘭奧林比安空調 Leyland Olympian A/C||
|富豪奧林比安 Volvo Olympian||
|富豪 B6 Volvo B6||
|富豪 B9TL Volvo B9TL||27/12/2014|
|猛獅 NL262 MAN NL262||27/04/2016|
|丹尼士巨龍 Dennis Dragon||
|丹尼士三叉戟 Dennis Trident||
|丹尼士三叉戟十點三米 Dennis Trident 10.3m||14/09/2020|
|丹尼士飛鏢 Dennis Dart||07/04/2016|
|亞歷山大丹尼士 Enviro400 Alexander Dennis Enviro400||17/08/2020|
|青年 JNP6105GR YoungMan JNP6105GR||30/08/2020|
|青年 JNP6120GR YoungMan JNP6120GR||17/10/2017|
|比亞迪 K9R BYD K9R||26/12/2016|
|華廈神龍LS-130-116 GDEV LS-130-116||19/06/2017|