新世界第一巴士 New World First Bus
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自一九九三年城巴接辦二十六條中巴路線開始以來，港島巴士服務便一直由兩間專營巴士公司提供，而且兩間公司亦積極爭取市場佔有率，尤其在新巴接手中巴路線之後競爭尤其變得激烈。這個競爭局面於二零零三年六月終於迎來一個終結，英國捷達巴士將城巴出售予周大福企業有限公司，周大福集團乃新世界發展的大股東，換句話說兩巴於這次交易之後由競爭對手變成了姊妹公司。新世界發展在前一年的集團架構重組後，易名為新創建集團有限公司，而新創建與周大福集團成立及擁有相同股權的Merryhill Group Limited，亦於二零零四年三月九日成立，從此新巴及城巴同為該公司轄下的公共交通營運機構，到了同年十二月十四日，Merryhill Group Limited更改名稱為新創建交通服務有限公司。兩巴在成為新創建交通旗下成員之後，先透過路線重組使資源得以更有效運用，而自此之後在洽購新車時亦會採用同一車廂配置規格。到了二零一六年十二月，新創建從周大福手上收購其餘股份，自此便全資擁有新創建交通服務有限公司。
新創建集團於二零二零年八月二十一日公布，出售新巴及城巴業務予以Templewater Bravo Holdings Limited、漢思能源及Ascendal Group Limited的合營企業Bravo Transport Holdings Limited，當中Ascendal Group Limited持有的附屬公司亦曾經於英國倫敦及新加坡營運巴士業務。上述股權轉讓於同年十月十五日完成，同時Bravo Transport Holdings Limited改稱為Bravo Transport Services Limited，中文名稱為匯達交通服務有限公司。匯達交通接手新巴及城巴時，正值香港新冠肺炎疫情肆虐，經濟活動大受影響致乘客量大跌，為了改善營運情況以面對持續嚴峻經營情況，在得到行政長官會同行政會議批准後，新巴將於二零二三年七月一日於其專營權完結後合併入全新的城巴(市區及新界巴士網絡專營權)，意味著整個港島區巴士服務面貌將重回一九九三年之前，而新巴亦結束二十五年服務本港市民的日子。
New World First Bus (NWFB) was the youngest bus operator in Hong Kong and it was once a joint venture between New World Development Limited in HK (NWD) and First Group with holding 74% and 26% shares respectively. The history of NWFB can be started as follows: Since awarded from the Government in 1933, China Motor Bus (CMB) was the sole franchised bus service operator on the Island side until Citybus (CTB) joined the market in 1993. The service standard of CMB was considered as poor by the general public and even networks reduction by Transport Department in 1993 and 1995 respectively, little improvements was made and finally the department decided not to renew the CMB franchised after it expiry on 31 Aug., 1998 and to invite tenders to operate a network of 88 routes from CMB and started operation since 1 Sep., 1998.
NWFB was then established on 10 Mar., 1998 for tendering these bus routes and was successfully won the tender from the government on 31 Mar., 1998. Though NWFB without any experience in public transport sector of Hong Kong, howver, it can meet the vision of maintenance of competition of bus service on Hong Kong Island and made them become the most suitable candidate for the networks. To go one step further, NWFB promised to employ all employees and acquired entire fleet from CMB to ensure a smooth transition. With the substantial capital of NWD and extensive experience from First Group as well as support from different parties, the takeover of CMB networks was successful under the tight preparation time.
The aging fleet from CMB was gradually replaced by 500 brand new super low floor and air conditioned buses as guaranteed in the tender not only to improve service standard but also competed for more market share from CTB. The order was split into two batches with the first 278 buses composed of Dennis Dart and Trident were ordered in May, 1998 and the first bus of NWFB was a Dennis Trident (1001/HU8370) delivered to Hong Kong on 7 Jul., 1998. The balance order of the 500 new buses was made in Nov., 1998 and instead of 40 Volvo Super Olympian was included in the order, Dennis once again successfully gained the order from NWFB and the most noticeable buses in this order was the low-bridge Duple Metsec bodied Dennis Trident 10.3m to cater the operation need of routes serving the Peak, Stanley and Shek O. For the former CMB fleet, only a few "hot-dog" repainted into NWFB livery as they were set to retired shortly while the air-conditioned members not only received the new paint but also their compartments were refurbished to NWFB standard.
NWFB delivered different corporate message with their innovative sense of marketing and different self promotion advertisements and seasons greetings on the fleet was the best illustrations. In Dec., 1998, NWFB was awarded the "Best Corporate PR" in the 1998 Asian PR Awards. In the following years, NWFB introduced Octopus on 4 cross-harbour routes since 22 Mar., and by Feb., 2001, all NWFB routes accepted Octopus payment. Except the open-top Dennis Condor (DM6/JJ4786) for the Peak Tram shuttle route 15C, the fleet of NWFB was air-conditioned when the last two non-air-conditioned Dennis Condor withdrawn from service on 18 Aug., 2002 and DM6 was finally replaced by another air-conditioned open-top Dennis Condor (DA66/GY4478) in Jan., 2008 and indicated the end of the era of non-air-conditioned bus serving the Island.
The service networks of NWFB was further expanded in Nov., 1999 with the awarded of bus service in Southern Tseung Kwan O and first two routes of the tender, route 796M and 796X, was commenced into service on 1 Feb., 2000. NWFB was invited to tender the new bus routes serving the Western Kowloon in May 2000 and successfully won the tender in Nov., 2002 and the first Western Kowloon route was started operation in Mar., 2003. Instead of invested in Hong Kong, NWFB set up NWFB (China) for running bus service with local operators in the mainland China and Guangzhou NWFB and Kuming NWFB were the examples, however, such partnerships was ended in 2008 and 2012 respectively. The shares hold by First Group sold to NWS in 2000 as they considered the future of Hong Kong franchised bus markets was gloomy.
Since the transferred of 26 CMB routes to CTB in Sep., 1993, bus service of the Island was operated by two operators and there were always a keen competition especially after CMB taken over by NWFB. The competition was came to an end when Stagecoach sold CTB to Chow Tai Fook Enterprises Limited (CTFE) in Jun., 2003 and as CTEE was the main shareholder of NWS, NWFB and CTB were then become sister company from competitors. One thing should be mentioned, NWD was renamed to New World Services Holdings Limited (NWS) after the reorganization of New World Group in 2002. Both NWFB and CTB was under Merryhill Group Limited which was set up on 9 Mar., 2003 with equal shares was holding by NWS and CTFE respectively and Merryhill Group Limited was renamed into NWS Transport on 14 Dec., 2003. To utilize group resources effectively, different routes and networks rationalization was implemented among NWFB and CTB and when acquiring new buses, same compartment configurations was applied on both fleet. When all the Merry hill shares hold by CTFE sold to NWS in Dec., 2016, NWFB and CTB become wholly owned subsidiaries of NWS.
As mentioned above, route 15C was first served with open-top double decker in 2000 and this was further promoted with the introduction of the Rickshaw Sightseeing Bus service on 18 Oct., 2009. The Rickshaw Sightseeing Bus was operated daily by a fleet of 5 air-conditioned open-top Volvo Olympian on two different routes H1 and H2. Today, the Rickshaw Sightseeing Bus service not only limited on the Island but also extended to the central area of Kowloon and the fleet was now composed of 3 open-top Alexander Dennis Enviro500. In addition, the Volvo Olympian open-top for the Rickshaw Sightseeing Bus was the last step-entranced bus model in the fleet and after their fully withdrawal from revenue service in Nov., 2015, NWFB become the second franchised operator which its fleet fully composed of super low floor bus.
The NWFB fleet go green with the aid of the HKSAR Government sponsorship and a sole Alexander Dennis Enviro500 Hybrid was first introduced in Nov., 2014 for revenue evaluation. A year later, a pair of BYD K9R electric bus started their trial on route 78 and 81 since Dec., 2015 while two electric bus supplied from GDEV was set to start their evaluation as a control in Se., 2016, however, the commission date was postponed to 2 Jun., 2017 due to mechanical issues.
On 21 Aug., 2020, NWS made a public announcement about the sold of NWFB and CTB to Bravo Transport Limited which was a joint venture of Templewater Bravo Holdings Limited, Hans Energy and Ascendal Group Limited. The Ascendal Group was experienced in operating bus service through it subsidiary in UK and Singapore. The transfer of equity completed on 15 Oct., 2020 and Bravo Transport Holdings Limited was renamed as Bravo Transport Services Limited. During the taken over of Bravo Transport, NWFB and CTB were serious affected by the epidemic of COVID and after the approval of the Chief Executive in Council, NWFB merged with CTB (Franchise for Urban and New Territories Network) after it franchised expired on 1 Jul., 2023 to against the adverse operating environment caused by the COVID. After NWFB ceased operation on 1 Jul., 2023, indicated the franchised bus service of the Island backed to the date before 1 Sep., 1993.
最後更新 Last Updated : 3 Dec. 2022
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|丹拿/利蘭Fleetline Daimler/Leyland Fleetline||
|都城嘉慕都城型 Metro Cammell Weymann Metrobus||
|利蘭勝利二型 Leyland Victory Mk 2||
|丹尼士飛鏢 Dennis Dart||
|丹尼士三叉戟十點六米(亞歷山大車身) Dennis Trident 10.6m (Alexander bodywork)||
|丹尼士三叉戟十點三米 Dennis Trident 10.3m||
|丹尼士三叉戟十點六米(都普車身) Dennis Trident 10.6m (Duple Metsec bodywork)||
|亞歷山大丹尼士Enviro400 Alexander Dennis Enviro400||
|亞歷山大丹尼士Enviro200MMC Alexander Dennis Enviro200MMC||
|青年 JNP6120GR YoungMan JNP6120GR||
|比亞迪 K9R BYD K9R||
|華廈神龍LS-130-116 GDEV LS-130-116||