猛獅NL系 MAN NL Series

編號 Class:請參照各車型支頁,Please refer to each sub-page

愉景灣交通服務有限公司車隊在早年時間,全是由日本產品組成,當中大型單層巴士只佔一個少比例。一九九五年,配合不斷增長的人口,加強接駁碼頭及住宅區的運載能力,有關方面購入兩架載客量接近百人的平治O405大型單層巴士,揭開了歐製巴士服務愉景灣的序幕,隨之而來的新車除了部份小型巴士之外,其他新車皆來自歐洲,除了平治,尚有同樣來自德國的猛獅,及英國的丹尼士。而配合愉景灣隧道通車,有關方面訂購新車作新增路線之用,當中服務接駁東涌巿中心路線的重任,便落在五架配原廠車身的猛獅NL262大型低地台單層巴士上。

猛獅NL262在被帶到愉景灣之前,城巴早已營運六十輛同型巴士,在二零零零年當愉景灣購進這批為數五架NL262時,亦有二十架同款新車加入城巴。雖然同是NL262,但愉景灣訂購的五架新車跟城巴的同型車輛有些少分別。首先由於預計行走的路線,營運模式有別於巿區流水路線,故此只採用單門設計車身,亦同時能夠增加座位數量,配合相對長途車程乘客需要。而這批NL262在車廂內亦設有行李架,方便乘客擺放雜物,在機械配搭方面,引擎理所當然採用猛獅自家產品,但傳動系統則有別於城巴,由ZF供應而並非福伊特,整個動力配搭同時驅動超卓空調系統,為乘客提供舒適的乘車環境。

愉景灣隧道通車後,區內居民的通勤模式亦出現轉變,由以往倚賴渡輪變成乘坐巴士到東涌轉乘地鐵或巴士出入巿區,對區外巴士路線的需求有增無減,愉景灣交通服務有限公司於是增購大型單層低地台巴士,配合營運需要。二零零一年,兩架配葡萄牙Caetano車身的猛獅NL263投入服務,成為本港第二間使用NL263的巴士公司。NL263作為NL262的接班人,於一九九八年十月奪得歐洲最佳巴士大獎,而在NL263上,引擎當然仍然由猛獅提供,波箱沿用ZF出品,以應付行走公路路段需要。承接NL262車身設計,十二米長車身只安排一道車門,並設有行李架,而且是愉景灣區內首款提供輪椅停泊位置,以及符合歐盟三型排放標準的巴士。在一年之後,愉景灣交通服務有限公司因應區內發展需要,向猛獅訂購九架新車,當中包括五架NL263。車身選配方面,雖然依舊由Caetano包辦,但其中兩架新車採用雙門版車身,以配合行走當時新增的區內路線,同時全自動波箱改由福伊特提供的。

踏入二零零五年,配合香港迪士尼樂園開幕,地鐵增設迪士尼線連接樂園及欣澳站,而東涌線列車亦加停欣澳站。愉景灣交通服務有限公司增辦連接愉景灣及欣澳站的DB03R,同時增購巴士作營運需要,適逄城巴出售五架NL262,於是乎愉景灣購入這批巴士作擴充車隊之用。二手猛獅NL262跟早四年購入的一手同型號巴士,在機械配搭上差不多相同,只是波箱是採用福伊特產品而非ZF。另外城巴購進的NL262全屬雙門設計,這亦造就了一手及二手NL262的另一個明顯分別。在這批二手巴士當中,JM1951獲得HKR115的車隊編號,這編號本來屬於其中一架單門版NL262(JL6489),但該車於二零零五年因交通意外,損毀嚴重而退役。

在購入五架二手的猛獅NL262後,愉景灣有感對外陸路交通需求只會有加無減,於是五輛配用馬來西亞順豐車身的NL263,於二零零七年被引進到區內。在外觀上,跟往返皇崗口岸的同款車身巴士如出一轍,而波箱改為福伊特產品,同時空調系統由開利超卓提供。這五架NL263亦成為本港最後引進的同型新車。

二零零九年初因應隊中兩架平治小巴退役,愉景灣交通服務有限公司購進兩架大型單層猛獅低地台巴士NL273,一方面填補車隊因這兩架小巴退役後出現的空缺,另一方面更加可以提升車隊運載能力。NL273早於二零零八年出現於大嶼山巴士車隊中,愉景灣這次引進的NL273所配用的車身,跟嶼巴同款巴士甚至早年最後一批NL263車身供應商一樣,由順豐提供,不同是車頭採用全新設計。而在廢氣排放方面,NL273是能夠符合歐盟四型排放標準,這亦是跟NL263主要分別。而在之後因應愉景北發展,及應付因此所帶來的額外客量,愉景灣交通服務有限公司再向猛獅招手,合共三架NL273再於同年年底投入服務。

在引進NL273之後的一年,愉景灣車隊出現了其第四款猛獅NL系大型低地台單層巴士,NL323。在車身方面,在配上同是順豐裝配的車身後,基本上跟NL273毫無分別,這一架NL323是用作替代於一九九七年投入服務的平治O405,亦繼承了DBAY120的車隊編號。在二零一一年,再多一架NL323投入服務,車隊編號DBAY107,同時代表原DBAY107的一手NL262退下火線。

直到二零一三年六月,除了上述兩架已告退役的NL262,其餘猛獅NL系巴士仍然活躍各條對外及對內路線,至於早期投入服務時,採用舊有愉景灣車隊色彩及HKR為首的車隊編號的NL262及NL263,亦於較早時間,改披紫白色的企業色彩,及車隊編號改成作DBAY為開首。

When started to serve the resident in Discovery Bay, the fleet of DBTSL was composed of Japanese products with only small proportion of full-sized single decker. The first European bus was arrived in 1995, the Mercedes Benz O405 can carry almost 100 passengers, to cater the demand of between ferry pier and residential area. Instead of Benz, DBTSL then introduced more and more European buses liked MAN from Germany and Dennis from UK. As preparation for the operation of Discovery Bay Tunnel, a batch of 5 MAN NL262 were ordered for the external service between the community and Tung Chung.

NL262 was not new thing to Hong Kong in 2000, backed in 1998, City Bus already acquired 60 samples for networks expansion and further 20 were introduced in 2000. For the MAN NL262 ordered by DBTSL, as they served relatively long-distanced service and different passengers flow with urban area routes, more seats are offered and only single door as both entrance and exit. To go one step further, for the need of placing personal belongings, luggage rack is provided. All MAN NL262s powered by MAN engine with ZF fully automatic gearbox in contrast with Voith fitted on City Bus NL262. The compartment is air conditioned by Sutrak from Germany.

The mode of transportation changed in Discovery Bay after the opening of Discovery Bay Tunnel. More and more residents changed from ferry to external bus service to and from the community and as a result, a pair of MAN NL263, bodied by Caetano from Portugal and complied with the Euro 3 emission standard, were entered service to cater the demand in 2001, just after the introduction of same type by NHKB. NL263 is the successor of NL262 and awarded the Bus of the Year 1999 in Oct., 1998. It should not be a surprise for a MAN engine fitted and with a ZF fully automatic transmission and suitable for running the highways. MAN NL263 is the first super low floor bus provided wheelchair parking bay in DBTSL fleet and liked the NL262, only one doorway fitted and a luggage rack is provided within the cabin. A further 5 NL263s were delivered in 2002 and two of them was fitted with dual-doors bodywork for internal service and Voith gearbox was chosen.

HK Disneyland was opened in 2005 and MTR operated Disneyland Resort Line for linking the park and Sunny Bay together with an addition stop for Tung Chung Line. DB03R was opened as a result of providing feeder service between Discovery Bay and Sunny Bay Station. DBTSL acquired more buses for this new route and 5 second-hand MAN NL262 were acquired from City Bus. The mechanical specification of this batch of NL262 almost identical with the first hand NL262 unless Voith transmission fitted. Moreover, dual-doors bodywork fitted on these NL262s and this is the most distinguishable difference between two batches of NL262. One of the NL262 from City Bus (JM1951) was classed as HKR115 and this fleet number was previously on a first hand NL262(JL6489), however, this former HKR115 was involved in an serious accident and written off afterwards in 2005.

As the continuously growing demand, further new buses were ordered by DBTSL after the commission of the NL262 from City Bus. This purchasing order consisted of 5 brand new MAN NL263, the very last sample of NL263 in Hong Kong, bodied by Gemilang from Malaysia and delivered in 2007. This batch of NL263 featured with Voith fully automatic transmission and Carrier-Sutrak air-conditioning.

The successor of NL263, NL273 also can be seen in the DBTSL fleet. As a replacement after the withdrawal of the Mercedes Benz O814 minibuses, two MAN NL273s were acquired in early 2009 and the carrying capacity can be increased at the same time. The obvious difference between NL273 and NL263 is the former fulfilled Euro 4 emission standard. Though they were bodied by Gemilang, a new frontal design was chosen. 3 more NL273s were introduced in end of 2009 to cope with the development of DB North.

Finally, the fourth model of the MAN NL series appeared in DBTSL, the MAN NL323. The first NL323 was arrived at Discovery Bay in 2010 and the third Mercedes Benz O405 DBAY120 commissioned in 1997 was then retired. This NL323 also carried the same fleet number. It is hard to tell this is a NL323 instead of NL273 as the they shared the same bodywork design from Gemilang. An addition NL323 was ordered and delivered in 2011 as a result of the withdrawal of DBAY107, a MAN NL262 new in 2001.

The livery and fleet number on those NL262 and Caetano bodied NL263 already changed to cope with the new image of Discovery Bay. Except the two retired MAN NL262 mentioned above, the remaining MAN NL series fleet still active in Discovery Bay.


NL262
NL263
NL273
NL323

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