猛獅NL系 MAN NL Series

編號 Class:請參照各車型支頁,Please refer to each sub-page

愉景灣交通服務有限公司車隊在早年時間,全是由日本產品組成,當中大型單層巴士只佔一個少比例。一九九五年為配合不斷增長的人口,有關方面購入兩架載客量接近百人的平治O405大型單層巴士,加強接駁碼頭及住宅區的運載能力,同時揭開了歐製巴士服務愉景灣的之序幕。愉景灣往後購買的新車除部份小型巴士之外,其他中型及大型單層巴士皆來自歐洲廠商,除了平治繼續得到愉景灣垂青外,亦包括了同樣來自德國的猛獅,以及英國的丹尼士。而配合愉景灣隧道通車,有關方面訂購新車作新增路線之用,當中服務接駁東涌巿中心路線的重任,便落在五架配原廠車身的猛獅NL262大型低地台單層巴士上。

在猛獅NL262被帶到愉景灣之前,城巴早已營運六十輛同型號巴士,二零零零年當愉景灣在購買NL262時,城巴亦於同一時間增購二十架新車。愉景灣所訂購的五架新車跟城巴的同型車輛有些少分別,首先由於預計新車所行走的路線,營運模式有別於巿區流水路線,故此只採用單門設計車身,這同時間能夠增加座位數量,配合相對長途車程乘客需要。愉景灣在這批NL262車廂內裝設了行李架,方便乘客擺放雜物。在機械配搭方面,引擎理所當然採用猛獅自家產品,但傳動系統則有別於城巴,由ZF供應而並非福伊特,整個動力配搭同時驅動超卓空調系統,為乘客提供舒適的乘車環境。

愉景灣區內居民的通勤模式自愉景灣隧道通車後出現轉變,由以往倚賴渡輪變成乘坐巴士到東涌轉乘地鐵或巴士出入巿區,對區外巴士路線的需求有增無減,愉景灣交通服務有限公司為配合營運需要,於是增購大型單層低地台巴士。二零零一年,兩架配葡萄牙Caetano車身,符合歐盟三型排放標準的猛獅NL263投入服務,成為本港第二間使用同型號巴士的營運商。猛獅NL263作為NL262的接班人,於一九九八年十月奪得歐洲最佳巴士大獎,整個機械配搭跟NL262相近,猛獅引擎搭配ZF全自動波箱,以應付行走公路路段需要。承接NL262車身設計,十二米長車身只安排一道車門,並設有行李架,而且是愉景灣區內首款提供輪椅停泊位置,以及符合歐盟三型排放標準的巴士。在一年之後,愉景灣交通服務有限公司因應區內發展需要,再次向猛獅訂購九架新車,當中包括五架NL263,車身雖然依舊由Caetano包辦,但其中兩架新車(HKR182及183)採用雙門版車身,以配合行走當時新增的區內路線需要,同時兩架雙門版NL262全自動波箱,由標準的ZF改為採用福伊特提供的產品。

踏入二零零五年,配合香港迪士尼樂園開幕,地鐵增設迪士尼線連接樂園及欣澳站,同時東涌線列車亦加停欣澳站,愉景灣交通服務有限公司以此作為機會,增辦連接愉景灣及欣澳站的DB03R,同時增購巴士作營運需要。適逄城巴當時出售車隊中過剩的猛獅NL262,愉景灣便購入其中五架作擴充車隊之用,跟早年購愉景灣自行購入的同型號新車比較,機械配搭上基本相同,只是波箱是採用福伊特產品而非ZF,而來自城巴的NL262車身全屬雙門設計。在這批二手巴士當中,JM1951獲得HKR115的車隊編號,有關車隊編號來自一架於二零零五年因交通意外,損毀嚴重而退役的單門版猛獅NL262(JL6489)。

在購入五架二手的猛獅NL262後,愉景灣有感對外陸路交通需求只會有增無減,於是在二零零七年,五輛配用馬來西亞順豐車身,屬香港最後一批的猛獅的NL263被引進到區內。這批增購的NL263新車在外觀上,跟往返皇崗口岸的同款車身巴士如出一轍,至於機械配搭方面,猛獅引擎搭配福伊特波箱,足以驅動由開利超卓提供的空調系統。

二零零九年年初因應兩架平治小巴退役,愉景灣交通服務有限公司購入兩架大型單層猛獅低地台巴士NL273,一方面填補車隊因這兩架小巴退役後出現的空缺,另一方面提升車隊運載能力。NL273早於二零零八年出現於新大嶼山巴士車隊中,愉景灣這次引進的NL273所配用的車身,跟嶼巴同款巴士甚至早年最後一批NL263車身供應商一樣,同樣由順豐提供,只是車頭採用全新設計。而在廢氣排放方面,猛獅NL273能夠符合歐盟四型排放標準,這亦是跟NL263主要分別。及後因應愉景北發展所帶來的額外需求,愉景灣交通服務有限公司再次向猛獅招手,合共購入三架同款NL273並於同年年底投入服務。

在引進NL273之後的一年,愉景灣車隊出現了第四款猛獅NL系大型低地台單層巴士NL323,用作替代於一九九七年投入服務的平治O405,亦繼承了DBAY120的車隊編號。猛獅NL323在配上同是順豐裝配的車身後,外觀上基本跟早年購入的NL273毫無分別,到了二零一一年,再多一架猛獅NL323加入愉景灣車隊,車隊編號DBAY107(PU6943),同時代表原DBAY107(JL8594)的一手NL262退下火線。

為配合愉景灣的全新企業形象,原先採用舊有綠白色作主調的愉景灣車隊色彩,以及HKR為首車隊編號的NL262及NL263,於二零零八年改披紫白色的企業色彩,並且採用以DBAY為開首的車隊編號,

猛獅NL262及NL263的退役潮始於二零一四年,車隊編號DBAY135的猛獅NL262(JL6971)被一架亞歷山大丹尼士Enviro200取代。踏入二零一六年一月,退役巴士名單中除了五架NL262,同時包括了一架猛獅NL263 (DBAY188/KS3963),成為首架退役的同型號巴士。至於車隊中最後兩架的猛獅NL262,包括了一手的DBAY131(JL7593),以及來自城巴的DBAY35(JM1972),則一直服務愉景灣居民至二零一七年四月。

截至二零一八年九月初為止,愉景灣車隊配用Caetano車身的NL263,只餘下DBAY166(KG2219),相信在不久之後將會由配用順豐Lion's City Hybrid車身的NL323所取代。愉景灣二零一八年的更新車隊計劃中,除了更換前述於二零零一年及零二年投入服務的NL263外,同時包括配用順豐車身的NL263,當中DBAY199(MX2453)於二零一八年八月率先退役,其位置同樣被換上了全新的NL323。

When started to serve the resident in Discovery Bay, the fleet of DBTSL was composed of Japanese products with only small proportion of full-sized single decker. As the growing of population within the community, a pair of Mercedes Benz O405 which can carry almost 100 passengers was arrived in 1995 to cater the demand of between ferry pier and residential area. DBTSL then introduced more and more European buses and instead of Benz, MAN from Germany and Dennis from UK were also included. As preparation for the operation of Discovery Bay Tunnel, a batch of 5 MAN NL262 was ordered for the external service to and from Tung Chung.

NL262 was not new thing to Hong Kong in 2000, backed in 1998, City Bus already acquired 60 samples for networks expansion and further 20 were introduced in 2000. As they were serving a relatively long-distanced service and different passengers flow with urban area routes, only a single doorway served as both entrance and exit was fitted and more seats were available resulted. To go one step further, for the need of placing personal belongings, luggage rack was provided. The MAN NL262 acquired by DBTSL powered by MAN engine with ZF fully automatic gearbox in contrast with Voith fitted on City Bus NL262 and the driveline was powerful enough to driver the Sutrak air conditioning unit from Germany and offering a comfortable riding experience to passengers.

The mode of transportation changed in Discovery Bay after the opening of Discovery Bay Tunnel. More and more residents changed from ferry to external bus service to and from the community and as a result, a pair of MAN NL263, bodied by Caetano from Portugal and complied with the Euro 3 emission standard, were entered service 讠001 to cater the demand, just after the introduction of same type by NHKB. NL263 is the successor of NL262 and awarded the Bus of the Year 1999 in Oct., 1998. It should not be a surprise for a MAN engine fitted and with a ZF fully automatic transmission for running the highways. MAN NL263 was the first super low floor bus provided wheelchair parking bay in DBTSL fleet and liked the NL262, only one doorway fitted and a luggage rack was provided within the cabin. A further 5 NL263s were delivered in 2002 and two of them, HKR182 and 183, were fitted with dual-doors bodywork for internal service and Voith gearbox was chosen.

HK Disneyland was opened in 2005 and MTR operated Disneyland Resort Line for linking the park and Sunny Bay together with an addition stop for Tung Chung Line. A new feeder service DB03R was introduced linking Discovery Bay and Sunny Bay Station. To cater the need of route DB03R, a batch of 5 second-hand MAN NL262, with dual-doors bodywork were acquired from City Bus and the mechanical specification was almost identical with the first hand NL262 unless a Voith transmission was fitted. One of the NL262 from City Bus (JM1951) was classed as HKR115, this fleet number was previously used on a first hand NL262 (JL6489) which withdrawn from the fleet after involved in a serious accident in 2005.

Further new buses were ordered by DBTSL after the commission of the NL262 from City Bus in 2007 to cope with the continuously growing demand for the external service. A batch of 5 brand new MAN NL263 bodied by Gemilang from Malaysia was ordered and this become the very last sample of the model in Hong Kong, all of them featured with a Voith fully automatic transmission and Carrier-Sutrak air-conditioning.

As a replacement after the withdrawal of the Mercedes Benz O814 minibuses, two MAN NL273 single deckers were acquired in early 2009 and enhanced the carrying capacity of the fleet. MAN NL273 was the successor of NL263 and it was Euro 4 emission standard and first introduced to Hong Kong by NLB in 2008. Though they were bodied by Gemilang, a new frontal design was chosen. A repeated order for 3 MAN NL273 were made and delivered in the end of 2009 to cope with the development of DB North.

The fourth model of the MAN NL series in DBTSL is the MAN NL323 and the first sample was arrived at Discovery Bay in 2010 as a replacement of the third Mercedes Benz O405 DBAY120 commissioned in 1997 and this NL323 also inherited the same fleet number. It was hard to distinguish a NL323 from NL273 as the they shared the same bodywork design from Gemilang. An additional MAN NL323 was ordered and delivered in 2011 as a result of the withdrawal of a MAN NL262 new in 2001, the original fleet number of the NL262 was transferred to the NL323 as in the past.

To cope with the new corporate image of Discovery Bay, a new style of livery was applied on those NL262 and Caetano bodied NL263 with fleet number prefix changed from HKR to DBAY in 2008.

DBTSL started to withdraw MAN NL262 and 263 since 2014, DBAY135(JL6971), a MAN NL262 new to DBTSL in 2001, was replaced by a Alexander Dennis Enviro200 in 2014. A batch of 5 NL262 together with a NL263 (DBAY188/KS3963), the first of the type to be withdrawn, was delicensed in Jan., 2016. The last two MAN NL262 in DBTSL, DBAY35(JM1972) and DBAY131(JL7593), were finally retired in Apr., 2017.

During the fleet renewal programme of DBTSL in 2018, a batch of MAN NL323 with the Lion's City Hybrid bodywork supplied from Gemilang was introduced to replace the Euro 3 standard members in the fleet. Until early Sep., 2018, Caetano bodied NL263 only left with DBAY166(KG2219) and expected to be withdrawn shortly while DBAY199 (MX2453) was the first NL263 with Gemilang bodywork to be retired in Aug., 2018.


NL262
NL263
NL273
NL323

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