利蘭奧林比安 Leyland Olympian

編號 Class:BL

若要數英國利蘭在香港最成功之巴士車系,相信奧林比安會是一個標準答案,的而且確,在香港三大專利巴士公司之車隊中,奧林比安都是佔有了一個極重之比例。

奧林比安成功之處是在於它那水箱置於車頭位置,大大提高了引擎冷卻效果,從而解決了第一代後置引擎巴士冷卻引擎效果差勁之缺點,另外,比對於利蘭泰坦之一體式車身設計,奧林比安又可以供用家選擇不同車身廠家之產品,以迎合不同之營運環境。九巴於一九八一年,從利蘭手中接收首三架奧林比安兩車軸巴士,當中兩架是樣板車,餘下一架則是量產型號了,全數均是長十點三米及配上ECW車身,並投放於隧道路線112行走作測試。

及後於一九八三年至八五年,九巴分四批引入共一百二十架長九點五米之奧林比安巴士底盤,全數配上亞歷山大提供之R型車身,而且隨不同之引入時期,而出現了至少共四款之車嘴設計。另外,首兩批奧林比安(BL4-53)之路線牌箱面積均較後兩批(BL54-123)為細,而在最後一批奧林比安,更加裝設有車廂通風系統。不過,經歷多次大修或者因交通意外關係,大部份奧林比安包括三部樣板車之車嘴均被換上後期款式,亦即是目前大部份非空調奧林比安所採用之標準車嘴款式。而另外,由於政府曾於八十年代修改有關公共交通工具載重量之法例,因此BL1-3之企位限額被修改成一人,而於一九九五年,九巴將BL25及41之座位設計由三加二改作二加二,並且於下層增加企位數量,以配合行走大埔短途區內線71B之需要。

於二零零零年,九巴開始淘汰短軸奧林比安,當中四架奧林比安(BL48-50,53)轉作訓練巴士,以取代年事已高之丹尼士喝采訓練巴士,而到了二零零二年八月為止,當時奧林比安主要用作九龍灣及觀塘廠之後備巴士,及行走5D,15A及29M路線,但隨這些路線也改作全空調服務,它們也在二零零二年十二月完成了歷史史命,退出九巴載客車隊行列。

If someone asked which bus type of British Leyland is the most successful one in HK, Olympian must be the answer. It is obvious that Olympian have a large proportion in KMB, City Bus and NWFB fleet.

The factor which made Olympian success is the front mount radiator which increase the coolant efficiency which solve the problem occur on the first generation rear-engined bus. Compared with the integral design of Leyland Titan, Olympian allowed a wide variety of body for operators to suit different need. KMB received three ECW bodied Olympians in 1981 which two of them were prototype while the remaining one is the production vehicles. All these Olympians are 10.3m long and deployed on cross-harbour route 112. Afterwards, KMB introduced four batches of 120 9.5m long Olympian and fitted with Walter Alexander R type body from 1983-85. There are at least four types of frontal design companied with different batches. In addition, the route indicator box of the first two batches Olympian is smaller than those of the last two batches. In addition, the final batch of Olympian is fitted with ventilation system.

However, due to overhaul or traffic accident, most of the original frontal panel of the Olympian (including the prototype) were replaced by the standard one. As the government amended the ordinance about the capacity of public transport, the standing of BL1-3 were reduced to 1 only. In 1995, BL25 and 41 were converted to 2+2 seating configuration and some of the seats at the lower deck were removed to provide more standee to cope with the need for serving the Tai Po internal route 71B.

KMB started to withdraw Olympian in 2000 and four Olympians (BL48-50, 53) were converted to training bus to replace those Dennis Jubilant training buses in 2000. Until Aug, 2002, those Olympian remaining in KMB mainly used as reserve for Kowloon Bay and Kwun Tong Depot together with serving on 5D, 15A and 29M. However, as fully air-conditioned service were provided on these routes, all Olympians were left KMB fleet at the end of 2002.


BL1-53

BL54-93

BL94-123


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