三菱MK Mitsubishi MK

編號 Class:AM

在一九九零年,由於空調巴士服務深受市民歡迎,而原有之廿四座巴士已經無法滿足需求,為了提供更舒適之服務及滿足需求,九巴於是乎向日本三菱車廠引進MK系(型號為MK117J)中型單層空調巴士,新巴士並配用原廠之車身。

當新巴士投入服務後,主要被派往行走一些私人屋苑之接駁巴士路線,例如203,208,238M及284,而市區幹線2也出現有三菱巴士蹤影,至於往返西貢及沙田市中心之299線及往返元朗及大埔之64K亦見有三菱巴士行走。由於效果良好,九巴之後分階段引進更多三菱巴士,並投放到不同路線,服務乘客。而到了一九九五年,九巴再引進共十五輛之改良版MK系(型號為MK217J)中型巴士(AM169-183),主要派往行走64K及211線,這批巴士跟早前一批最大分別是空調系統之冷凝器被移到車尾頂部,而且車身亦採取較渾圓之設計。而於一九九五年尾,九巴引進最後一架三菱MK系(型號為MK218J)巴士,編號AM184(GP5016),這架巴士號稱是低地台設計(縱然車門依然設有一級梯級)。

不過,由於三菱巴士之載客量只有四十五人,加上空調巴士受市民歡迎之程度有增無減,故此無法滿足乘客需求,尤其像行走彌敦道之幹線,其細小車廂不單未能提供舒適旅程給乘客,反而令乘客叫苦連天,而九巴亦深明此道,在往後大量短陣版丹尼士巨龍空調巴士投入服務後,三菱巴士便開始調離市區路線及其他乘客量大之路線,改為編往行走郊區路線,接替退役之勝利二型,及行走只在春秋二祭服務之14S路線。早年元朗郊區路線進行空調化,三菱巴士便成為53,54及77K等路線的主力。

至於早年,九巴曾經改裝七架三菱巴士,這批巴士被加上行李架後,派往行走啟德機場巴士路線A7。另外,車隊編號AM72被改作訓練巴士,縱然早前的訓練巴士車身色彩已被轉回普通車隊之色彩,但此車依然很容易被分別出來,皆因它未有裝上八達通收費機。在二零零二年,先後有多架三菱巴士因涉及嚴重交通意外,而需要提早退役,包括那獨一無二的AM184。

從二零零三年開始,九巴陸續淘汰三菱MK巴士,而用作訓練巴士用途的AM72亦已經於二零一零年八月退役。隨著最後兩架MK117J於二零一一年六月退役,九巴只餘下十五架三菱MK217J巴士,用作行走53,77K及276路線,不過這十五架MK217J亦陸續於二零一二年三月開始退役,從此,日本製造的巴士消失於九巴車隊之中。

During 1990, as air-conditioned bus services were widely welcomed by passengers, the 24 seats minibuses cannot meet the demand. A batch of Mitsubishi MK117J midibuses with Mitsubishi bodyworks were introduced by KMB to provide a much comfortable service and to satisfy the demand.

After their commissioned, they mainly deployed on some feeder routes between residential areas like 203, 208, 238M and 284, the urban trunk route 2 also served by the Mitsubishi bus too. In some countryside routes like 64K and 299, Mitsubishi buses also can be seen. KMB then introduced more Mitsubishi buses in different batch since their good performance and deployed on different routes to serve passengers. In 1995, a batch of 15 Mitsubishi MK217Js (AM169-183) were introduced and mainly used to serve  64K and 211. These batch of buses with the air-con unit moved to the rear of the roof and have a more streamlined bodyworks. A low-floor designed (though still with a step at the entrance) MK218J classed as AM184(GP5016) was introduced at the end of 1995.

However, as Mitsubishi buses can only carry 45 passengers and air-conditioned bus service were become more and more popular, so they cannot meet the demand especially serving those Nathan Road trunk routes. In addition, their narrow compartment made passengers experience an uncomfortable journey. A lot of  Mitsubishi buses were withdrawn from the urban routes and other high demand routes after the commissioned of short wheel-based Dennis Dragon air-con buses. Most Mitsubishi were serving the countryside routes like 53, 54, 73K, 77K, 78K and 79K which used to serve by the Victory MK 2, Olympian and Metrobus in recent years.

At the early years, seven Mitsubishis were equipped with luggage racks for serving Kai Tak Airport routes A7. AM72 was converted to training bus which still painted with KMB livery, but it can be easily recognized as there is no Octopus payment machine installed. In 2002, it was unfortunate for some Mitsubishi MKs had been written off from the fleet due to serious traffic accident including the low-floor demonstrator AM184.

KMB started to withdraw Mitsubishi MK midibuses from 2003. The Mitsubishi training bus AM72 was also delicensed in Jul., 2010. After the withdrawal of the last 2 MK117Js in Jun., 2011, only 15 MK217Js remained in the fleet and mainly used on 53, 77K and 276. The last Mitsubishi MK217J retired on 19, Mar., 2012 and afterwards, no more Japanese buses serving in KMB fleet.


AM1-40

AM41-80

AM81-120

AM121-168

AM169-184


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