丹尼士巨龍 Dennis Dragon

編號 Class:ADS

為了進一步推廣空調巴士服務,九巴於一九九三年,向丹尼士引入三十架丹尼士巨龍九點九米空調巴士,並將新巴士投放於市區路線2,16,234X,紅隧路線107,108及隨後西貢區路線92以及東隧路線606,以作測試這款巴士之成效。根據營運經驗所得,這三十架短龍巴士,不單載客量較傳統單層空調巴士為高,而且在短小的車身下,短龍擁有高度靈活性,對於應付彎多路窄之路面環境,可以說是得心應手。由於能提供高載客量,對於一些因路面環境所限,只能使用十一米以下之巴士行走,但又面對著龐大載客量需求路線來說,短龍實在是不二之選,加上配備了空調設備,令到路線服務水平有所提升。

為了配合利蘭勝利二型及丹尼士喝采兩款前置引擎巴士退役,九巴於一九九五年至九六年間,再引入兩批共一百五十五架短龍巴士,並迅即壯大了九巴的空調巴士服務網絡。第二批新車(ADS31-145)依舊採用三加二座位設計,但卻改配全新設計之日本電裝空調系統,並在一九九六年二月至七月陸續投入服務。這批短龍除了取替了勝利二型及喝采外,亦接替一些原由三菱MK及丹尼士飛鏢服役的路線,例如3B,15,24K,64K,80M,91,282,284及299等。第三批共四十架的短龍(ADS146-185)則於一九九六年十二月至九七年二月投入服務。為提供更舒適的乘坐環境,這批短龍不單改為二加二座位設計,而且全數裝配高背座椅,這批載客量稍低新車在投入服務後主要派往行走73K,78K,79K,81M,86A,113等路線。

到了一九九七年,九巴向丹尼士訂購了第四批,也是最後一批為數共五十架之短龍巴士(ADS186-235),不同於對上三批短龍在香港完成車身裝嵌,這批短龍全數於廣州增城裝配車身,並於一九九九年初至年中投入服務,行走當時的天水圍新線264M,,以及之後替東九龍區部份路線帶來空調服務如5C,11C,11K,21等。除了車身裝嵌地有所分別,這批最後短龍採用了歐盟二型引擎,上層車頭擋風玻璃擁有較低的扶手柱,而且在某幾個高危座位上加設了安全帶,從而提供一個更安全的乘車環境有問題。自從這五十架短龍投入服務後,九巴便把低地台作為購車的標準,這批短龍亦成為九巴最後一批購入的非低地台巴士。

於二零零四年四月,ADS26(FU1694)原有車廂內綠色及銀色的扶手被改成黃色,是頭批短龍中的第一架及唯一一架,這可看作其中一個改善車廂環境的行動。目前,短龍主要是用作後備車,支援不同路線,以及服務一些客量較低或路面有所限制制的路線例如28,31M,54,63X,72,72A,73A,74A,77K,81K,261,289K等。

首架退役的丹尼士短龍是ADS94(GT7822),於二零零八年九月因為遇上交通意外,損毀嚴重而於同年十月除牌。另外ADS174(HB691)於二零零九年十一月同樣發生嚴重交通意外,隨後於二零一零年三月除牌。在經過十八個寒暑後,九巴亦有計劃陸續淘汰丹尼士短龍,ADS25(FU1098)於二零一一年一月底退役,至於其他第一批短龍,亦由二零一一年年中開始分批退出載客車隊,最後一架服役首批的短龍ADS30(FV7835)亦於二零一一年十一月二十九日行走完299後,宣告退役。

踏入二零一四年二月中,第二批於一九九六年投入服務的丹尼士巨龍開始有計劃退役,隨著屬於是批最後三架短龍(ADS143 - 145)於二零一四年六月二十五日執行九巴特別安排行走80M的告別班次後,於翌日除牌並退出載客車隊後,標誌著九巴車隊全數皆採用二加二座位設計。隨後在二零一四年十二月底,九巴亦開始淘汰第三代短龍,最後一架第三代短龍於二零一五年二月退役後,至於餘下最後一批五十架短龍,亦自二零一七年年初開始退役,最終於七月六日晚上,最後一架短龍ADS235(JD4215)走畢最後一個開往九龍站的8號班次之後,宣告全數短龍自載客車隊退役,亦標誌著九巴車隊全面低地台化。另外,九巴保留著兩架丹尼士短龍,除了ADS235,還包括ADS143(GV1553)。

KMB introduced it first batch of 30 Dennis Dragon 9.9m air-con. buses in 1993 to promote air-conditioned bus service, . All of them were deployed on urban routes liked 2, 16 and 234X, cross-harbour routes like 107, 108 and deployed on route 92 serving Sai Kung and Eastern Harbour Tunnel route 606 afterwards for testing their performance. According to the operation experience, Baby Dragon not only can carry more passengers than single-decker buses but also a good maneuverability when working on narrow road. To go one step further, the Baby Dragon can upgrade the service standard of routes with high demand by providing a higher capacity and air-conditioned service, but only can deploy short wheel-based due to limitation of the road.

As the decommissioning of Leyland Victory Mk 2 and Dennis Jubilant, KMB introduced two batches of 155 Baby Dragon from 1995 to 1996. The network of KMB air-conditioned service was then strengthened. The 3+2 seating arrangement is retained in the second batch Dennis Baby Dragon (ADS31-145) with a newly designed Nippon Denso air conditioning unit chosen. This batch of Baby Dragon was started to serve passengers from Feb., to Jul., 1996. They not only replaced the Victorys and Jubilants, but also took the place of Mitsubishi MK and Dennis Dart serving routes like 3B,15, 24K, 64K, 80M, 91, 282, 284 and 299. The third batch Baby Dragon (ADS146-185) were commissioned between Dec., 1996 and Feb., 1997. 2+2 seating arrangement with coach seats were introduced to provide a much comfortable journey. This batch of Baby Dragon with a lower capacity was first served 73K, 78K, 79K, 81M, 86A and 113.

In 1997, KMB placed an order for it fourth batch, also the last batch of 50 Baby Dragons (ADS186-235) and all of them were entered service in 1999. All these Baby Dragons were completed their bodyworks in Zengcheng instead of in Hong Kong like the previous Baby Dragon did. This batch of Baby Dragon featured with with Euro II engine fitted, lower handrail at the upper-deck windscreen. Seat belt is also fitted on seats with hazard to enhance the safety of passengers. They were deployed on 264M at the early stage of service and later on, they were used on 5C, 11C, 11K, 21 for upgrading the service standard. Afterwards, KMB did not order any non-super low floor bus anymore and they become the last batch non-super low floor bus purchased by KMB.

In Apr. 04, the original handrails in ADS26 (FU1694), which was silver and green in colour were replaced by yellow coloured handrails. It is the first and the only one with this combination in its batch. This can be considered as a little improvements of the cabin environment. The Baby Dragon is mainly serving routes with low demand or roads with limitation like 28,31M,54,63X,72,72A,73A,74A,77K,81K,261,289K, etc.. In addition, they are used as reserve for supporting different routes among the KMB network.

The first Baby Dragon withdrawn from the fleet os ADS94 (GT7822) and delicensed in Oct. 08 due to the serious damage on chassis after a accident in Sep. 08. Another withdrawn Baby Dragon is ADS174 (HB691), it was involved with a serious accident in Nov., 2009 and delicensed in Mar., 2010. After 18 years of service, the first batch of Baby Dragon started to withdraw from service. ADS25(FU1098) is the first of the batch and withdrawn from the fleet in Jan., 2011. The remaining first batch Baby Dragons were gradually withdrawn from service since mid. of 2011. The last of the first batch, ADS30(FV7835) is retired after last day service on 29, Nov., 2011 serving route 299.

Since mid. of Feb., 2014, the second batch of Bay Dragon commissioned in 1996 started to quit from revenue service and KMB arranged a farewell ceremony on 25 Jun., 2014. The last three of the batch, ADS 143 - 145 were deployed on route 80M and after the farewell departure, all of them delicensed on the following day and marked the end of the era of 3+2 seating arrangement in KMB fleet. Started from the end of Dec., 2014, The third generation Baby Dragon, entered service between the end of 1996 and early 1997, withdrawn from the fleet and the last of the batch was decommissioned in Feb ., 2015. The remaining 50 Baby Dragons survived in the fleet started to withdraw from revenue service since Jan., 2017 and the last of the fleet, ADS235(JD4215) was retired after the final departure from Star Ferry to Kowloon Station on route 8 on 6 Jul., 2017 and this marked the end of non super low floor fleet in KMB. Two of the Baby Dragon, ADS143(GV1553) and ADS235(JD4215) were preserved as members of it classic fleet.


ADS1-30
ADS31-60
ADS61-90
ADS91-120
ADS121-145
ADS146-185
ADS186-235

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